Strychnos madagascariensis Poir.

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Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Strychnos madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Strychnos burtonii Baker
Strychnos dysophylla Benth.
Strychnos innocua Delile subsp. dysophylla (Benth.) I. Verd.
Strychnos innocua Delile subsp. burtonii (Baker) Bruce & Lewis
Strychnos quaqua Gilg
Strychnos randiaeformis Baill.
Common names: Black monkey-orange (English) Hairy-leaved monkey-orange (English) Muhwakwa (Shona) Muteme (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Shiny-leaved monkey-orange (English) Umkwakwa (Ndebele) Umteme (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small tree, often multi-stemmed, unarmed but often with hard, knobbly dwarf spur-branchlets 1-3 cm long. Bark smooth, light grey. Leaves mostly clustered on the spur-branchlets, elliptic, obovate to almost circular, 2-10 cm long, shiny green above, often much paler below, somewhat leathery, 3-veined from near the base, velvety mostly on the veins beneath; margin usually entire, sometimes minutely scalloped or fringed with hairs; petiole 1-5 mm long. Flowers in 1-several few-flowered clusters in the leaf axils or on the old wood, greenish-yellow with a whitish fringe of hairs in the throat. Fruit Globose, up to 8 cm in diameter, hard-shelled, blueish-green but finally turning orange-yellow. Pulp orange and slimy, edible but not tasting very nice.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: madagascariensis: of Madagascar
Habitat: In open deciduous woodland, riverine fringes and rocky koppies.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread From East Africa to South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 12 November 2015
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 928. Under Strychnaceae (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 539.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 113. Under Strychnaceae

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 31 - 32. (Includes a picture).

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1969). Loganiaceae of Africa VIII Strychnos III. Revision of the African species Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 69(1) Pages 160 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 363 - 365. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 100. Under Strychnaceae

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 542 - 543. Under Strychnaceae (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108. Under Strychnaceae

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 117.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 250 - 251. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 298 - 299. Under Strychnaceae (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Strychnos madagascariensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos madagascariensis
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos madagascariensis
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos madagascariensis
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos madagascariensis
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos madagascariensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Strychnos madagascariensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos madagascariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos madagascariensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos madagascariensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos madagascariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Strychnos madagascariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos madagascariensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Strychnos madagascariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos madagascariensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos madagascariensis
Tropicos: Strychnos madagascariensis
West African Plants database: Strychnos madagascariensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strychnos madagascariensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144380, retrieved 2 December 2016

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