Strychnos potatorum L.f.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (15)

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Rob Burrett
One Step Mine, Battlefields

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Close to the lodges, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Close to the lodges, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mahenye Village.

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mahenye Village.

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mahenye Village.

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mahenye Village.

Strychnos potatorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main Zvishavane - Rutenga road

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Strychnos stuhlmannii Gilg
Common names: Black bitterberry (English) Grape strychnos (English) Mudanhapfunye (Shona) Mudyagudo (Shona) Mudyakuwe (Shona) Mudyambira (Shona) Umlombelombe (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree with dense foliage. Leaves opposite, 3-5-veined from the base, elliptic to ovate, glossy dark green, thinly textured, hairless. Flowers in axillary clusters of several, stalked, few-flowered heads, whitish to yellowish-green. Fruit up to 20 mm in diameter, purple-black when ripe, resembling grapes.
Notes: Fruits eaten by animals but not by people.
Derivation of specific name: potatorum: resembling a potato, presumably referring to the fruit, which looks more like a grape
Habitat: In dry woodland, along dry water courses and on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to northern Botswana and Limpopo, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 21 May 2016
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 929 - 930. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 540.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 370 - 371.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 100. Under Strychnaceae

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 542 - 545. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 124.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 117 - 118.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 217.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 252 - 253. (Includes a picture).


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Strychnos potatorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos potatorum
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos potatorum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Strychnos potatorum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos potatorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos potatorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos potatorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos potatorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Strychnos potatorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos potatorum
Ispot Southern Africa : Strychnos potatorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos potatorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos potatorum
Tropicos: Strychnos potatorum
West African Plants database: Strychnos potatorum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strychnos potatorum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144420, retrieved 3 December 2016

Site software last modified: 2 July 2016 1:03pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use