Strychnos pungens Soler.

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Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Mudo (Shona) Mugati (Shona) Mumbumi (Shona) Mutamba-usiku (Shona) Spiny-leaved monkey-orange (English) Umgwadi (Ndebele) Umgwai (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small, deciduous to sometimes evergreen tree. Bark grey to brown, rough and flaking in to squares lower on older trunks, grey and smooth higher up and on younger trees; branches corky and with swollen nodes and conspicuous lenticels. Leaves opposite, 3-veined from (near) the base, narrowly elliptic, 3-8 cm long, rigid or leathery, hairless with a hard, spiny apical point; margin entire; petiole thick, up to 4 mm long. Inflorescences in tight, axillary clusters, c. 2 cm wide; flowers greenish-white, up to 9 mm long. Fruit up to 12 cm in diameter, with a hard, woody shell, bluish-green, yellow when ripe, edible but less tasty than of other species.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: pungens; prickly, referring to the leaf tips
Habitat: Occurring in woodland, often in rocky places and also on kalahari sand
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:October
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to Botswana and Limpopo, North-West, Gauteng and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 13 December 2010
Literature:

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Other sources of information about Strychnos pungens:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Strychnos pungens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Strychnos pungens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos pungens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos pungens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos pungens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos pungens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Strychnos pungens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos pungens
Ispot Southern Africa : Strychnos pungens
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos pungens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos pungens
Tropicos: Strychnos pungens
West African Plants database: Strychnos pungens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strychnos pungens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144430, retrieved 1 September 2014

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