Strychnos pungens Soler.

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Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Strychnos pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mudo (Shona) Mugati (Shona) Mumbumi (Shona) Mutamba-usiku (Shona) Spiny-leaved monkey-orange (English) Umgwadi (Ndebele) Umgwai (Ndebele)
Status: Native
Small, deciduous to sometimes evergreen tree. Bark grey to brown, rough and flaking in to squares lower on older trunks, grey and smooth higher up and on younger trees; branches corky and with swollen nodes and conspicuous lenticels. Leaves opposite, 3-veined from (near) the base, narrowly elliptic, 3-8 cm long, rigid or leathery, hairless with a hard, spiny apical point; margin entire; petiole thick, up to 4 mm long. Inflorescences in tight, axillary clusters, c. 2 cm wide; flowers greenish-white, up to 9 mm long. Fruit up to 12 cm in diameter, with a hard, woody shell, bluish-green, yellow when ripe, edible but less tasty than of other species.
Derivation of specific name: pungens: prickly, referring to the leaf tips
Habitat: Occurring in woodland, often in rocky places and also on kalahari sand
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:October
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to Botswana and Limpopo, North-West, Gauteng and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 13 December 2010

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 536 - 537. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 217.


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Other sources of information about Strychnos pungens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos pungens
Flora of Caprivi: Strychnos pungens
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos pungens
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos pungens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Strychnos pungens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos pungens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos pungens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos pungens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos pungens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Strychnos pungens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos pungens
Ispot Southern Africa : Strychnos pungens
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos pungens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos pungens
Tropicos: Strychnos pungens
West African Plants database: Strychnos pungens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strychnos pungens., retrieved 24 May 2016

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