Strychnos usambarensis Gilg

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Strychnos usambarensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Strychnos usambarensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

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Synonyms: Strychnos micans S. Moore
Common names: Blue bitter-berry (English) Stipe-fruited strychnos (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, sometimes climbing. Leaves opposite, held in one plane, ovate to elliptic with a very distinct drip-tip, glossy dark green above, 3-5-veined from the base. Flowers very small, in axillary clusters, whitish to yellowish-green, sweetly scented. Fruits soft-shelled, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, yellow when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: usambarensis: of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania
Habitat: In forest and rocky slopes in woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Jan - May
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.


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Other sources of information about Strychnos usambarensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos usambarensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Strychnos usambarensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos usambarensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos usambarensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos usambarensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos usambarensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Strychnos usambarensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos usambarensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Strychnos usambarensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos usambarensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos usambarensis
Tropicos: Strychnos usambarensis
West African Plants database: Strychnos usambarensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strychnos usambarensis., retrieved 28 July 2016

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