Nuxia congesta R. Br. ex Fresen.

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Nuxia congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Bunga Views, Vumba

Nuxia congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Nuxia congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Bunga Views, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Nuxia sambesina Gilg
Nuxia viscosa Gibbs
Common names: Brittlewood (English) Common wild elder (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or variable tree. Leaves are usually in whorls of 3, crowded near the ends of branches. In immature specimens the leaves are distinctly serrate and the branchlets are red (image 2), while in mature trees the leaf margins are usually entire and typically rolled under (image 1). Flowers fragrant, in dense mushroom-shaped heads, white, rarely tinged with mauve. Fruit a small hairy capsule, c. 3 mm embedded in the persistent calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: congesta: congested (refers to a tight inflorescence)
Habitat: In forest, woodland or grassland, often in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) 450 - 2000 m
Flowering time:May - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and southern Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea and southern Arabia
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 30 March 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 117. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 349 - 350.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 41.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 67. as Lachnopylis sambesina (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 116.


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Other sources of information about Nuxia congesta:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Nuxia congesta
Flora of Malawi: Nuxia congesta
Flora of Mozambique: Nuxia congesta
Flora of Zambia: Nuxia congesta

External websites:

African Plant Database: Nuxia congesta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Nuxia congesta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nuxia congesta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Nuxia congesta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Nuxia congesta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Nuxia congesta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nuxia congesta
Ispot Southern Africa : Nuxia congesta
JSTOR Plant Science: Nuxia congesta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Nuxia congesta
Tropicos: Nuxia congesta
West African Plants database: Nuxia congesta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Nuxia congesta.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144470, retrieved 6 December 2016

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