Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don

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Catharanthus roseus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu Gorge

Catharanthus roseus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu Gorge

Catharanthus roseus

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Catharanthus roseus

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lochnera rosea (L.) Rchb. ex Endl.
Vinca rosea L.
Common names: Madagascar periwinkle (English) Rosy periwinkle (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Introduced
Erect or decumbent suffrutex, to 1 m, usually with white latex. Stems green, often suffused with purple or red. Leaves decussate, petiolate; lamina variable, elliptic, obovate or narrowly obovate; apex mucronate. Flowers 4-5 cm, showy, white or pink, with a purple, red, pale yellow or white centre. Follicle 1.2-3.8 × 0.2-0.3 cm, dehiscent on the adaxial side. Seeds 1-2 mm, numerous, grooved on one side.
Derivation of specific name: roseus: rose, rosy
Habitat: Commonly cultivated in gardens and in the Communal Lands and becoming naturalised in disturbed places, such as on roadsides, and in stream beds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Native to Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Perennial, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Aphis nerii (Food plant)
Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 27 July 2007

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 251. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 25.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 197.


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Other sources of information about Catharanthus roseus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Caprivi: Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Malawi: Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Mozambique: Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Zambia: Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Catharanthus roseus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Catharanthus roseus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Catharanthus roseus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Catharanthus roseus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Catharanthus roseus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Catharanthus roseus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Catharanthus roseus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Catharanthus roseus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Catharanthus roseus
Ispot Southern Africa : Catharanthus roseus
JSTOR Plant Science: Catharanthus roseus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Catharanthus roseus
Tropicos: Catharanthus roseus
West African Plants database: Catharanthus roseus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Catharanthus roseus., retrieved 31 May 2016

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