Funtumia africana (Benth.) Stapf

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Funtumia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moribane Forest.

Funtumia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moribane Forest

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Synonyms: Funtumia latifolia (Stapf) Stapf
Kickxia africana Benth.
Kickxia latifolia Stapf
Common names: Silk-rubber (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree with sticky milky latex. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic, usually 14 × 17 cm long, sometimes larger, leathery, dark green above, paler below, hairless except for hair-tuft domatia in the axils below; lateral veins prominent below; margin entire, often wavy. Flowers in axillary clusters, creamy-white, sweetly scented, c. 1.5 cm in diameter; lobes hairless, overlapping to the right. Fruit in paired, elliptic, flattened follicles, 9-30 cm long, spread at right angles to the stalk, pale brown, splitting along one side. Seeds small with a tuft of silky hairs to aid dispersal by wind.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In the understorey of moist evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec (-Apr)
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 9 June 2009

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 25.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 485 - 487. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.


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Other sources of information about Funtumia africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Funtumia africana
Flora of Mozambique: Funtumia africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Funtumia africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Funtumia africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Funtumia africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Funtumia africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Funtumia africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Funtumia africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Funtumia africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Funtumia africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Funtumia africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Funtumia africana
Tropicos: Funtumia africana
West African Plants database: Funtumia africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Funtumia africana., retrieved 24 October 2016

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