Raphionacme grandiflora (K. Schum.) N.E. Br.

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Raphionacme grandiflora

Photo: Penny English
Past Masuma, Hwange NP

Raphionacme grandiflora

Photo: Penny English
Past Masuma, Hwange NP

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Synonyms: Pentagonanthus grandiflorus (N.E. Br.) Bullock
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial herb, up to c. 30 cm tall, growing from a more or less depressed tuber, up to 12 cm in diameter. Milky latex present. Leaves very shortly petiolate, opposite, linear-lanceolate to narrowly obovate, up to 12 cm long, roughly hairy on both surfaces, veining prominent below; margin entire but wavy. Inflorescence a 2-7-flowered, terminal, pseudo-umbel. Corolla up to 3 cm in diameter, pale yellowish-green on the outside, bright to deep violet on the inside; lobes often strongly deflexed in older flowers, with margins recurved. Fruit often a single, erect follicle, linear-cylindrical, c. 17 × 1 cm, hairless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: grandiflora: large flowered
Habitat: Occurring in dry mixed woodland in sandy or rocky areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Ellert, A.F.N. (1997). A note on Pentagonanthus grandiflorus N.E. Br. subspecies glabrescens Bullock Excelsa 18 Page 190.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 310 - 312. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Raphionacme grandiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Raphionacme grandiflora
Flora of Zambia: Raphionacme grandiflora

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Raphionacme grandiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme grandiflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Raphionacme grandiflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Raphionacme grandiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Raphionacme grandiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme grandiflora
Ispot Southern Africa : Raphionacme grandiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme grandiflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Raphionacme grandiflora
Tropicos: Raphionacme grandiflora
West African Plants database: Raphionacme grandiflora


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Raphionacme grandiflora.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145360, retrieved 4 December 2016

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