Raphionacme longifolia (K. Schum.) N.E. Br.

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Raphionacme longifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hills behind Valley of Kings, Mutare

Raphionacme longifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hills behind Valley of Kings, Mutare

Raphionacme longifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hills behind Valley of Kings, Mutare

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Synonyms: Raphionacme decolor Schltr.
Common names: Mongwa (Shona)
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb, growing from an ovoid to subspherical tuber, up to 10 cm in diameter. Stems single to few, erect, often twining terminally, up to 75 cm long, brownish. Leaves opposite, sessile, 12-15 cm long, linear to very narrowly ovate-lanceolate, green and finely velvety above, paler below; midrib whitish. Flowers in 5-10-flowered axillary and terminal clusters. Corolla densely finely velvety outside; lobes often strongly reflexed, up to 6 × 3 mm, oblong-ovate to triangular, green, often with a violet base, green-brown, maroon-brown or dull violet-red. Corona whitish to purple; lobes 3-segmented; central segment 5-6 mm long, much larger than lateral. Fruit paired, erect follicles, cylindrical-ovoid, c. 100 × 4 mm.
Derivation of specific name: longifolia: with long leaves
Habitat: Occurring in open miombo or mopane woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, CAR, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 21 June 2010

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 322 - 324. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Raphionacme longifolia:

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Flora of Mozambique: Raphionacme longifolia

External websites:

African Plant Database: Raphionacme longifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Raphionacme longifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme longifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Raphionacme longifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Raphionacme longifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Raphionacme longifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme longifolia
Ispot Southern Africa : Raphionacme longifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme longifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Raphionacme longifolia
Tropicos: Raphionacme longifolia
West African Plants database: Raphionacme longifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Raphionacme longifolia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145370, retrieved 28 May 2016

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