Raphionacme procumbens Schltr.

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Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umguza Nature Reserve, Bulawayo

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umguza Nature Reserve, Bulawayo

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umguza Nature Reserve, Bulawayo

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umguza Nature Reserve, Bulawayo

Raphionacme procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umguza Nature Reserve, Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, growing from a sub-spherical tuber, up to 15 cm in diameter. Stems few-many, up to 40 cm long, procumbent, velvety, brownish. Leaves opposite, narrowly oblong-obovate, 3-6.5 cm long, leathery, dark green and velvety above, pale green and more densely velvety below; petiole 3-13 mm long, velvety. Flowers in many-flowered spherical heads in the upper leaf axils, densely velvety. Corolla lobes narrowly ovate-triangular, 4 × 2 mm, green to greenish-yellow, maroon or violet at the base, papillose on the inside. Corona reddish to purple, fleshy, papillose, 3-segmented; central segment c. 2 mm long; lateral segments 1 mm long. Fruit a single pendulous follicle, ovoid, 3.5- 4.5 cm long, pointed.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: procumbens: with stems lying along the ground; procumbent
Habitat: In grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 350 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 17 February 2016
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 67.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 332 - 333. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Raphionacme procumbens:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Raphionacme procumbens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Raphionacme procumbens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Raphionacme procumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme procumbens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Raphionacme procumbens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Raphionacme procumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Raphionacme procumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme procumbens
Ispot Southern Africa : Raphionacme procumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme procumbens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Raphionacme procumbens
Tropicos: Raphionacme procumbens
West African Plants database: Raphionacme procumbens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Raphionacme procumbens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145390, retrieved 25 August 2016

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