Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
subsp. viminale

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Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten

Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten

Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr upper dam, Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cynanchum tetrapterum (Turcz.) R.A. Dyer
Euphorbia viminalis L.
Common names: Caustic vine (English) Chifure (Shona) Imvubu (Ndebele) Ingotsha (Ndebele) Ingotshayeganga (Ndebele) Milk rope (English) Runyakadomdo (Shona) Rusungwe (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Succulent vine. Stems and branches mostly prostrate or scrambling over other vegetation, grey-green, producing milky sap when broken. The leaves are reduced to scales. Flowers in spherical umbels, sweetly scented. Fruits carrot-shaped, containing seeds with a pappus of white, silky hairs.
Notes: The plants occurring in riverine vegetation may look quite different, presumably because of the more shaded and moist situation. See this separate page for photographs and information.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A species mostly of drier scrub and rocky areas but also found as a twining climber in riverine vegetation
Altitude range: (metres) 590 - 2380 m
Flowering time:Throughout year
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 10 September 2006

Binns, B. (1968). A First Check List of the Herbaceous Flora of Malawi The Government Printer, Zomba, Malawi Page 22.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270. Sarcostemma viminale

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 59. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 5.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 48.


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Other sources of information about Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Malawi: Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Mozambique: Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Zambia: Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sarcostemma viminale
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sarcostemma viminale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sarcostemma viminale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sarcostemma viminale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sarcostemma viminale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sarcostemma viminale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sarcostemma viminale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sarcostemma viminale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sarcostemma viminale
Ispot Southern Africa: Sarcostemma viminale
JSTOR Plant Science: Sarcostemma viminale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sarcostemma viminale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sarcostemma viminale
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sarcostemma viminale
Tropicos: Sarcostemma viminale

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sarcostemma viminale subsp. viminale., retrieved 28 March 2017

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