Ehretia rigida (Thunb.) Druce
subsp. rigida

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Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Matobo Hills, Shumbashaba

Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Matobo Hills, Shumbashaba

Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mshelele Dam, Khumalo CL.

Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mshelele Dam, Khumalo CL.

Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Zvishavane road west of Masvingo

Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Zvishavane road west of Masvingo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Capraria rigida Thunb.
Ehretia hottentotica Burch.
Common names: Chilimanzilwani (Hlengwe) Chivhunabadza (Shona) Munakanezuva (Shona) Ponwani (Hlengwe) Puzzle-bush (English) Umthlele (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree with long drooping branches. Leaves alternate on longer branches or apparently clustered at the ends of short lateral shoots, obovate, 2-6 cm long, hairless or roughly hairy but always with hairy pockets in axils of midrib and lateral veins; margin entire but sometimes bristly; petiole very short. Flowers in dense heads at the ends of short lateral shoots, lavender, mauve or blue, rarely white, c. 7 mm in diameter with spreading lobes. Fruit subglobose, 5-7 mm wide, fleshy, bright orange-red when ripe, edible.
Notes: Very similar to Ehretia obtusifolia and intermediates (possible hybrids) do occur in the Southwest of the country where distributions overlap.
Derivation of specific name: rigida: rigid, stiff
Habitat: In woodland and thickets, on granite hills, in Kalahari sand areas and often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 18 May 2016
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 974 - 975. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Martins, E.S. (1990). Boraginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Pages 76 - 78. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 574 - 575. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40. As: Ehretia rigida

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 71. As Ehretia species? (E. rigida most likely referred to here)

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 162 - 163. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida
Flora of Mozambique: Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ehretia rigida
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ehretia rigida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ehretia rigida
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ehretia rigida
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ehretia rigida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ehretia rigida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ehretia rigida
Ispot Southern Africa : Ehretia rigida
JSTOR Plant Science: Ehretia rigida
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ehretia rigida
Tropicos: Ehretia rigida
West African Plants database: Ehretia rigida


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148300, retrieved 5 December 2016

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