Verbena rigida Spreng.

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Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Verbena bonariensis L. var. rigida (Spreng.) Kuntze
Verbena venosa Gillies & Hook.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Introduced
Description:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: rigida: rigid, stiff
Habitat: Rocky slopes and road sides.
Altitude range: (metres) 1600 - 2110 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native in South America; introduced and naturalised in West-Indies, southern USA, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 26 August 2013
Literature:

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 10 - 11.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 246.


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Other sources of information about Verbena rigida:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Verbena rigida

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Verbena rigida
African Plant Database: Verbena rigida
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Verbena rigida
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Verbena rigida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbena rigida
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Verbena rigida
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Verbena rigida
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Verbena rigida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Verbena rigida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena rigida
Ispot Southern Africa: Verbena rigida
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbena rigida
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Verbena rigida
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Verbena rigida
The Plant List (version 1.1): Verbena rigida
Tropicos: Verbena rigida


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Verbena rigida.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148610, retrieved 23 February 2017

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