Verbena rigida Spreng.

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Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

Verbena rigida

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Nyanga to Troutbeck, near Troutbeck

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Verbena bonariensis L. var. rigida (Spreng.) Kuntze
Verbena venosa Gillies & Hook.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Introduced
Description:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: rigida: rigid, stiff
Habitat: Rocky slopes and road sides.
Altitude range: (metres) 1600 - 2110 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native in South America; introduced and naturalised in West-Indies, southern USA, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 26 August 2013
Literature:

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 10 - 11.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.


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Other sources of information about Verbena rigida:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Verbena rigida

External websites:

African Plant Database: Verbena rigida
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Verbena rigida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbena rigida
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Verbena rigida
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Verbena rigida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Verbena rigida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena rigida
Ispot Southern Africa : Verbena rigida
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbena rigida
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Verbena rigida
Tropicos: Verbena rigida
West African Plants database: Verbena rigida


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Verbena rigida.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148610, retrieved 25 June 2016

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