Vitex doniana Sweet

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (10)

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
School site Nhancuco, lower slopes, Mt Gorongosa

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Musikadzi ranger post, Gorongosa National Park.

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between gates, Gorongosa National Park

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between gates, Gorongosa National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Black plum (English) Prune fingerleaf (English)
Status: Native
Medium-sized deciduous tree with a rounded crown. Leaves palmately divided with 3-7 leaflets, mostly 5 with the lower leaflets distinctly smaller; leaflets obovate, leathery, dark green above, paler below, mostly hairless except for a few stellate hairs on the midrib below; apex rounded or notched, occasionally abruptly acuminate. Flowers in branched axillary heads, blue, violet or white with the lower lobe darker. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 3 × 2 cm, fleshy, hairless, purple-black, edible.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: At the margins of evergreen and riverine forest and in woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and the Comoro Islands
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 192. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 85 - 86.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 184.


comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Vitex doniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vitex doniana
Flora of Mozambique: Vitex doniana
Flora of Zambia: Vitex doniana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Vitex doniana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vitex doniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex doniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex doniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex doniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vitex doniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex doniana
Ispot Southern Africa : Vitex doniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex doniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex doniana
Tropicos: Vitex doniana
West African Plants database: Vitex doniana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vitex doniana., retrieved 26 October 2016

Site software last modified: 2 July 2016 1:03pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use