Vitex ferruginea Schumach. & Thonn.

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Vitex ferruginea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haroni rd near Vhimba Camp.

Vitex ferruginea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haroni rd near Vhimba Camp.

Vitex ferruginea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haroni rd near Vhimba Camp.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: subsp. amboniensis (Gürke) Verdc.
Vitex amboniensis Gürke
Vitex swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names: Plum fingerleaf (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a scrambling, multi-stemmed shrub. Bark grey to brown, finely striated. Leaves 3-5-foliolate, lower most leaflets often undeveloped. Leaflets elliptic to obovate, dark green, somewhat leathery, hairless above, with hairtuft domatia below in the axils of conspicuous veins; margin entire or toothed in apical half; petiole with a groove along the top. Flowers with a white corolla tube and mauve-blue lobes and lip, scented. Fruit subspherical to ellipsoid, up to 2 cm long, fleshy, purple-black, frilled at the base by the persistent calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ferruginea: rusty-brown in colour
Habitat: Occurring on sandy soils in deciduous woodland and along streambanks, often among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 610 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa southwards to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271. As Vitex amboniensis

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 81 - 82.


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Other sources of information about Vitex ferruginea:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vitex ferruginea
Flora of Zambia: Vitex ferruginea

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vitex ferruginea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex ferruginea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex ferruginea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex ferruginea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vitex ferruginea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex ferruginea
Ispot Southern Africa : Vitex ferruginea
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex ferruginea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex ferruginea
Tropicos: Vitex ferruginea
West African Plants database: Vitex ferruginea


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vitex ferruginea.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148890, retrieved 25 September 2016

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