Kalaharia uncinata (Schinz) Moldenke

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Kalaharia uncinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Victoria Falls to town.

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum spinescens (Oliv.) Gürke
Clerodendrum uncinatum Schinz
Cyclonema spinescens Oliv.
Kalaharia spinescens (Oliv.) Gürke
Kalaharia spinipes Baill.
Rotheca uncinata (Schinz) P.P.J. Herman & Retief
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect, ascending or procumbent, shrubby perennial herb up to 1.2 m. Stems and branches angular, set with recurved and straight axillary spines. Leaves opposite, sometimes subopposite or alternate, broadly elliptic to almost round, sometimes broader than long, c. 7 × 5 cm, hairy on both surfaces, veins prominent below; margin entire. Flowers axillary, solitary, showy, scarlet-red, orange to yellow in the centre. Peduncles persisting as straight spines after the flowers have fallen. Fruit ovoid up to 17 mm long, shiny black and slightly lobed when ripe, held in the persistent calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: uncinatum: hooked
Habitat: In wooded grassland, open woodland, roadsides and disturbed areas, often on alluvial soils and kalahari sand.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, DRC, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and North-West Province, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 14 October 2007
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 142 - 143. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 136. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 146 - 149. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 68. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 98 - 99. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79. as Rotheca uncinata

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 215.


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Other sources of information about Kalaharia uncinata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Kalaharia uncinata
Flora of Caprivi: Kalaharia uncinata
Flora of Malawi: Kalaharia uncinata
Flora of Zambia: Kalaharia uncinata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Kalaharia uncinata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Kalaharia uncinata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Kalaharia uncinata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Kalaharia uncinata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Kalaharia uncinata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Kalaharia uncinata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Kalaharia uncinata
Ispot Southern Africa : Kalaharia uncinata
JSTOR Plant Science: Kalaharia uncinata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Kalaharia uncinata
Tropicos: Kalaharia uncinata
West African Plants database: Kalaharia uncinata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Kalaharia uncinata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148970, retrieved 25 August 2016

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