Clerodendrum pleiosciadium Gürke

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Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Photo: Mark Hyde
Road to sawmill, via entrada, Catapu

Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Photo: Mark Hyde
Road to sawmill, via entrada, Catapu

Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Photo: Mark Hyde
Road to sawmill, via entrada, Catapu

Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Photo: Mark Hyde
Road 213 from Inhamitanga to Chupanga

Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Photo: Mark Hyde
By road 219 from Caia to Chupanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clerodendrum congestum Gürke
Clerodendrum syringifolium Baker
Common names: Sandveld tinderwood (English)
Status: Native
Woody herb, suffrutex or shrub, to 3 m tall. Older branches with persistent hook-like petiole bases. Leaves opposite, subopposite or 3-4-whorled; lamina up to 12 × 8 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, ± discolorous, membranous; petiole up to 5 cm, distinctly articulated. Cymes clustered in many terminal umbel-like inflorescences. Calyx 6-8 mm long, glabrous, campanulate; lobes longer than the tube, attenuate into a filiform point. Corolla white or cream, sweet-scented; tube 14-19 mm long, slender, glabrous; lobes 3.5-4 mm long, subcircular. Stamens and style long-exserted. Fruit subglobose, deep red or purplish-black.
Derivation of specific name: pleiosciadium: pleio: more than usual; sciadion: a parasol or umbel, referring to the clusters of flowers
Habitat: Mixed forest and woodland, riverine forest, roadsides and thickets on schist, deep sand and sandstone.
Altitude range: (metres) 0 - 1750 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa (Limpopo Province).
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 4 September 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 184.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Page 97.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 576 - 577. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Clerodendrum pleiosciadium:

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Flora of Malawi: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Ispot Southern Africa: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clerodendrum pleiosciadium
Tropicos: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Clerodendrum pleiosciadium., retrieved 17 January 2018

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