Leonotis ocymifolia (Burm. f.) Iwarsson
var. raineriana (Vis.) Iwarsson

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Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Nyamheni turn-off, Vumba

Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Nyamheni turn-off, Vumba

Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Nyamheni turn-off, Vumba

Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Nyamheni turn-off, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Leonitis dysophylla Benth.
Leonotis mollissima Gürke
Leonotis raineriana Vis.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial semiwoody shrubby herb, 1-5 m tall, often branching from the base, growing from a swollen rootstock. Leaves opposite, petiolate, lanceolate-ovate often more than 6 cm long, velvety to hairy below; margin crenate-dentate. Flowers in 2-5 subspherical inflorescences per branch, up to 9 cm in diameter, separated by an internode up to 65 mm long. Corolla 32-45 mm long, variable in colour from whitish buff to pale salmon-pink or orange to orange-red, different colour forms sometimes found growing together. The corolla has a single fringe of hairs inside at the base of the tube.
Notes: This variety can be distinguished from L. ocymifolia var. ocymifolia by the more robust, semi-woody habit, up to 5 m tall; larger lanceolate-ovate leaves, usually more than 6 cm long and more numerous and larger inflorescences per branch. The flowers are more variable in colour from whitish buff to pale salmon-pink or orange to orange-red.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland, montane grassland, on rocky outcrops and along roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 2300 m
Flowering time:Feb - May
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 5 September 2011
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 184.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 75 - 77.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 112.


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Other sources of information about Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana
Flora of Mozambique: Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana
Flora of Zambia: Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Leonotis ocymifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Leonotis ocymifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Leonotis ocymifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Leonotis ocymifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Leonotis ocymifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Leonotis ocymifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Leonotis ocymifolia
Ispot Southern Africa : Leonotis ocymifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Leonotis ocymifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Leonotis ocymifolia
Tropicos: Leonotis ocymifolia
West African Plants database: Leonotis ocymifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Leonotis ocymifolia var. raineriana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149240, retrieved 2 July 2016

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