Plectranthus sanguineus Britten

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Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near dam, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

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Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Soft-wooded shrubby perennial, up to 1.5 m and sometimes taller. Stems slightly succulent, rounded-4-angled, erect, brown to purplish, sometimes yellowish near the inflorescence, more or less densely pubescent and with reddish glands, often almost leafless at flowering time. Leaves fleshy, obovate to spathulate, 15-30mm long, yellowish, browinish or whitish, hairy and with some pale glands beneath; margin crenate; petiole 2-5 mm long. Inflorescence simple or branched, fairly dense. Calyx 2 mm long, densely pubescent, sometimes yellowish with pale reddish sessile glands. Corolla 2-lipped, almost white, pale blue or purple, 6-10 mm long, pubescent and with red glands on the lobes.
Notes: Leaves and inflorescence stain the fingers reddish-brown when crushed.
Derivation of specific name: sanguineus: blood-red, referring to the red-staining dye exuding from plants when crushed
Habitat: On exposed granite hills
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 17 February 2013

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 250 - 252.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 113.


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Other sources of information about Plectranthus sanguineus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus sanguineus
Flora of Mozambique: Plectranthus sanguineus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Plectranthus sanguineus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Plectranthus sanguineus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Plectranthus sanguineus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus sanguineus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus sanguineus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus sanguineus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus sanguineus
Ispot Southern Africa : Plectranthus sanguineus
JSTOR Plant Science: Plectranthus sanguineus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus sanguineus
Tropicos: Plectranthus sanguineus
West African Plants database: Plectranthus sanguineus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Plectranthus sanguineus., retrieved 21 October 2016

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