Syncolostemon bracteosus (Benth.) D.F. Otieno

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Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Twentydales ext., Epworth, Harare.

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Twentydales ext., Epworth, Harare.

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

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Synonyms: Hemizygia bracteosa (Benth.) Briq.
Hemizygia junodii Briq.
Ocimum bracteosum Benth.
Orthosiphon bracteatus (Benth.) Baker
Orthosiphon rhodesianus S. Moore
Common names: Jetamakurwe (Shona) Mutandamasenya (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Purple top (English) Zivabva (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Annual or perennial herb, up to 70 cm tall. Stems 4-angled with spreading greyish hairs. Leaves opposite, sessile, narrowly lanceolate, 4-10 cm long, pubescent on both surfaces; margin with small, widely spread teeth. Flowers in 5-12 more or less widely separated whorls, together appearing as a terminal inflorescence, topped by a crown of terminal bright purple, mauve or whitish bracts. Corolla white, sometimes with purple markings in the throat or on the upper lip.
Notes: The flowers are small and fairly inconspicuous but the brightly coloured head of bracts often make this species a striking feature in the field. Sometimes, particularly in lower and drier habitats, plants appear to be weaker annual herbs, often with whitish bracts.
Derivation of specific name: bracteosus: bearing (conspicuous) bracts; referring to the colourful bracts topping the inflorescence
Habitat: In wooded grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Oct - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 179. As Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 150 - 151. as Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 394. as Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 142 - 144. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 67. as Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 78. as Hemizygia bracteosa

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 215. as Hemizygia bracteosa


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Other sources of information about Syncolostemon bracteosus:

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Flora of Botswana: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Caprivi: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Malawi: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Mozambique: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Zambia: Syncolostemon bracteosus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Syncolostemon bracteosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Syncolostemon bracteosus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Syncolostemon bracteosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Syncolostemon bracteosus
Ispot Southern Africa : Syncolostemon bracteosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Tropicos: Syncolostemon bracteosus
West African Plants database: Syncolostemon bracteosus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Syncolostemon bracteosus., retrieved 23 October 2016

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