Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleesen

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Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along entrance road to Nhambo Cottages, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along entrance road to Nhambo Cottages, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along entrance road to Nhambo Cottages, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along entrance road to Nhambo Cottages, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ocimum suffrutescens Thonn.
Ocimum thymiflorus Roth.
Orthosiphon australis Vatke
Orthosiphon glabratus Benth. var. africanus Benth.
Orthosiphon suffrutescens (Thonn.) J.K. Morton
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling, somewhat shrubby perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, not or hardly aromatic. Stems several ascending to erect, 4-angled, normally well branched, retrorsely pubescent along the angles, sometimes with dense spreading hairs. Leaves ovate to elliptic, usually 1-4 cm long, but larger in well-shaded plants, glandular punctate and hairless or pubescent above, pubescent, particularly along the veins beneath; margin scalloped or toothed; petiole up to 25 mm long. Inflorescence fairly lax with 6-flowered verticils 8-20 mm apart; bracts 2-3 mm long, ovate-triangular. Calyx 3-4 mm long, conspicuously purple on the upper lip, green otherwise; lobes of lower lip awn-like, 2-3 mm long. Corolla usually pink, sometimes white or mauve, 8-16 mm long; tube straight.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: thymiflorus: with flowers like thyme.
Habitat: Wooded grassland; deciduous woodland, bush and more open dry forest; also in disturbed places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and tropical Asia from India and Sri lanka to China and Indonesia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 12 February 2015
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56. as Orthosiphon suffrutescens

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 185 - 186.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 151 - 152.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 70. as Orthosiphon suffrutescens

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79. as Orthosiphon suffrutescens


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Other sources of information about Orthosiphon thymiflorus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Flora of Malawi: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Flora of Mozambique: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Flora of Zambia: Orthosiphon thymiflorus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Orthosiphon thymiflorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthosiphon thymiflorus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Orthosiphon thymiflorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Ispot Southern Africa : Orthosiphon thymiflorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
Tropicos: Orthosiphon thymiflorus
West African Plants database: Orthosiphon thymiflorus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Orthosiphon thymiflorus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150430, retrieved 27 August 2016

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