Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq.

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Solanum aculeatissimum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Solanum aculeatissimum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum aculeatissimum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum aculeatissimum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum aculeatissimum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. var. hispidissimum Dunal
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrubby perennial, up to c. 1.5 m tall. All parts abundantly armed with spines, straw-coloured to yellowish or purplish when young. Leaves broadly ovate to almost round in outline, up to 16 × 19 cm, coarsely toothed to deeply lobed, thinly but conspicuously covered in simple hairs, generally with numerous spines, particularly on the veins. Flowers in few-flowered lateral clusters. Corolla star-shaped, whitish. Fruit 2-3 cm in diameter, spherical, striped or marbled green and creamy-white, turning dirty yellow when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: aculeatissimum: extremely prickly
Habitat: Along the margins of forest and in the ecotone between forest and grassland, along road sides, plantations and in disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Probably native to Southern Africa but now widespread throughout Tropical Africa. Also introduced in Paraguay, Brazil and Mexico.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 June 2008
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 272.

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 118 - 119.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106.


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Other sources of information about Solanum aculeatissimum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Solanum aculeatissimum
Flora of Malawi: Solanum aculeatissimum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum aculeatissimum
Flora of Zambia: Solanum aculeatissimum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanum aculeatissimum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Solanum aculeatissimum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum aculeatissimum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum aculeatissimum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum aculeatissimum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum aculeatissimum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum aculeatissimum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum aculeatissimum
Ispot Southern Africa : Solanum aculeatissimum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum aculeatissimum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum aculeatissimum
Tropicos: Solanum aculeatissimum
West African Plants database: Solanum aculeatissimum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum aculeatissimum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150580, retrieved 7 December 2016

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