Solanum giganteum Jacq.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Solanum giganteum

Photo: Richard Gill
Kgaswane NR, Magaliesberg

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum niveum Vahl
Common names: Red bitter apple (English) Red bitter berry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native or possibly introduced
Description:
Shrub or small tree to 5(-8) m tall. Hairs stellate, white, very fine, floccose, with many short rays. Stems with numerous laterally flattened prickles, 1-5 mm long. Branches white-tomentose, with scattered prickles. Leaves: petiole 1-8 cm long, sometimes bearing 1-2 leaf-like pseudostipules 1-3.5 cm long; lamina elliptic to ovate, lanceolate or obovate, 5-30 cm long, becoming shiny and dark green above when mature while remaining white-tomentose beneath. Inflorescences of corymbose or paniculate cymes, dense, many-flowered. Flowers nodding. Corolla pale blue to lilac or violet-purple, rarely white, each lobe with a green midvein. Fruit numerous, shiny red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: giganteum: huge, gigantic
Habitat: In forest edges, riverine forest, woodland and in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Origin uncertain, but believed to be native to the Cape; widespread in tropical and southern Africa, also the Canary Isles, tropical Asia, Australia and South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 2 November 2015
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 178.


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Solanum giganteum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Solanum giganteum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum giganteum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Solanum giganteum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum giganteum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum giganteum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum giganteum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum giganteum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum giganteum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum giganteum
Ispot Southern Africa : Solanum giganteum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum giganteum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum giganteum
Tropicos: Solanum giganteum
West African Plants database: Solanum giganteum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum giganteum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150650, retrieved 30 May 2016

Site software last modified: 15 January 2016 10:17am (GMT +2)
Terms of use