Datura inoxia Mill.

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Datura inoxia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Datura inoxia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Datura inoxia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Datura inoxia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Datura inoxia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Datura inoxia

Photo: Des Goldhawk
Victoria Falls Safari Lodge, on private road about halfway from the main road to the Lodge.

Datura inoxia

Photo: Brent Lees May
Mwenezi River, Nuanetsi Conservancy

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Datura metel L. p.p.
Common names: Downy thorn-apple (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Erect or sprawling annual or short-lived perennial herb or small shrub, up to c. 2 m. Branches often purple-tinged, softly pubescent and more or less glandular; all parts unpleasantly scented. Leaves alternate, more or less broadly ovate to elliptic, up to 17 × 9.5 cm, thinly textured, pubescent, particularly near the base below, on the veins and the margin; base often decurrent into the petiole; margin with coarse to almost lobe-sized triangular teeth. Flowers solitary in the forks of the branches, erect when fresh, later drooping. Calyx long and tube-like, up to 11.5 cm long, sometimes purplish and somewhat swollen towards the base, 5-angled with ovate to linear-triangular unequal apical lobes, up to 2.5 cm long. Corolla white or creamy, sometimes purple-tinged, 13-21 cm long, trumpet-shaped, somewhat 10-12-lobed with acuminate tips. Fruit nodding to pendulous, almost round to ovoid, up to 6 × 5.5 cm (including spines), covered with numerous slender spines, 8-12 mm long, purple-green to brownish when ripe, breaking up irregularly. All parts of the plant are poisonous.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Cultivated as a garden ornamental or for medicinal purposes, occurring as a naturalised weed of cultivated and disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Native to tropical Central and South America. Naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 March 2008
Literature:

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 243.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 107. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 105.


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Other sources of information about Datura inoxia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Datura inoxia
Flora of Malawi: Datura inoxia
Flora of Mozambique: Datura inoxia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Datura inoxia

External websites:

African Plant Database: Datura inoxia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Datura inoxia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Datura inoxia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Datura inoxia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Datura inoxia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Datura inoxia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Datura inoxia
Ispot Southern Africa : Datura inoxia
JSTOR Plant Science: Datura inoxia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Datura inoxia
Tropicos: Datura inoxia
West African Plants database: Datura inoxia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Datura inoxia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150820, retrieved 25 May 2016

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