Datura stramonium L.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (4)

Datura stramonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Datura stramonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Datura stramonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Datura stramonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Datura stramonium L. var. tatula (L.) Torr.
Datura tatula L.
Common names: Jimson weed (English) Thorn apple (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Description:
Erect, usually dichotomously branched annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall. Branches often purple-tinged and glandular, hairless or sparsely hairy when young; all parts unpleasantly scented. Leaves alternate, ovate, rhombic-ovate to elliptic, up to 20 × 15 cm, thinly textured, almost hairless to minutely pubescent, particularly near the base; base sometimes decurrent into the petiole; margin coarsely and irregularly toothed. Flowers solitary in the forks of the branches, erect. Calyx long and tube-like, up to 2.5-5 cm long, 5-angled with triangular-lanceolate unequal apical lobes, 4-10 mm long. Corolla white to pale mauve-purple, sometimes darker purple in the tube, 6-11 cm long, slightly 5-6-lobed with narrow acuminate tips. Fruit erect, almost round to ovoid-ellipsoid, up to 5 × 4.5 cm (including spines), densely covered with slender unequal spines, up to 16 mm long, yellow-green to brown when ripe, regularly dehiscent. All parts of the plant are poisonous.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: stramonium: a name used by Theophrastus for this species
Habitat: A weed of cultivated and disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Native to North America. Now an almost cosmopolitan weed.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 March 2008
Literature:

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 29 - 32. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 114. (Includes a picture).

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 243.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 46 - 48. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 83. (Includes a picture).


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Datura stramonium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Datura stramonium
Flora of Malawi: Datura stramonium
Flora of Mozambique: Datura stramonium
Flora of Zambia: Datura stramonium
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Datura stramonium

External websites:

African Plant Database: Datura stramonium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Datura stramonium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Datura stramonium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Datura stramonium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Datura stramonium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Datura stramonium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Datura stramonium
Ispot Southern Africa : Datura stramonium
JSTOR Plant Science: Datura stramonium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Datura stramonium
Tropicos: Datura stramonium
West African Plants database: Datura stramonium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Datura stramonium.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150830, retrieved 24 August 2016

Site software last modified: 2 July 2016 1:03pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use