Nicotiana tabacum L.

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Nicotiana tabacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vanduzi, Manica

Nicotiana tabacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vanduzi, Manica

Nicotiana tabacum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vanduzi, Manica.

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Synonyms:
Common names: Chikwarimba (Shona) Fodya (Shona) Hunga (Shona) Igwayi (Ndebele) Tobacco (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Introduced
Description:
Somewhat bushy annual or short-lived perennial, to 2 m. Leaves obovate-spathulate to elliptic or sometimes lanceolate, 50 cm or more in length but upper leaves smaller, green or brownish, ± hairy and sticky glandular on both surfaces; base narrowing into a winged petiole, decurrent on the stem; lower leaves often forming a rosette; margin entire but wavy. Flowers in branched, terminal and axillary heads. Corolla pale greenish to white with pink or reddish lobes, expanded into a wide gaping throat; tube up to 8 cm long. Fruit more or less erect, narrowly ellipsoid, ovoid or round, 10-20 mm long, brownish, hairless, beaked, splitting above into 2 valves.
Notes: Widely cultivated for cigarette tobacco, medicinal purposes and occasionally as a garden ornamental.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: It escapes cultivation and as been recorded from riverbeds, anthills and in old cultivation and waste places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1460 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Originating in N Argentina and Bolivia but now throughout tropical South America, Central America and the southern United States.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Chrysodeixis chalcites (Food plant)
Maruca vitrata (Larval food plant)
Oedicentra albipennis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 June 2008
Literature:

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 17 - 18.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 37.


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Other sources of information about Nicotiana tabacum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Nicotiana tabacum
Flora of Mozambique: Nicotiana tabacum
Flora of Zambia: Nicotiana tabacum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Nicotiana tabacum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Nicotiana tabacum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Nicotiana tabacum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nicotiana tabacum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Nicotiana tabacum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Nicotiana tabacum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Nicotiana tabacum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nicotiana tabacum
Ispot Southern Africa : Nicotiana tabacum
JSTOR Plant Science: Nicotiana tabacum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Nicotiana tabacum
Tropicos: Nicotiana tabacum
West African Plants database: Nicotiana tabacum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Nicotiana tabacum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150870, retrieved 25 August 2016

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