Cycnium tubulosum (L.f.) Engl.

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Cycnium tubulosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Cycnium tubulosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Cycnium tubulosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Fort Usher road, Matobo

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Synonyms: Rhamphicarpa tubulosa (L.f.) Benth.
Common names: Vlei ink-flower (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Erect, decumbent or straggling perennial herb. Flowers white, pink or mauve. The white form is somewhat similar to C. adonense, but may be distinguished by its much smaller, narrower leaves, less compact habit and smaller flowers. Like C. adonense it is a partial root-parasite, particularly of grasses.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In damp grassland, along vleis, marshes and river banks. It may occasionally grow in water.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1550 m
Flowering time:(Sep-) Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and in Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 184. As Cycnium tubulosum tubulosum (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 192. (Includes a picture).

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 138 - 140. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 106. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 112, plate 150

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 103.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 225.


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Other sources of information about Cycnium tubulosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cycnium tubulosum
Flora of Caprivi: Cycnium tubulosum
Flora of Mozambique: Cycnium tubulosum
Flora of Zambia: Cycnium tubulosum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cycnium tubulosum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cycnium tubulosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cycnium tubulosum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cycnium tubulosum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cycnium tubulosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cycnium tubulosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cycnium tubulosum
Ispot Southern Africa : Cycnium tubulosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Cycnium tubulosum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cycnium tubulosum
Tropicos: Cycnium tubulosum
West African Plants database: Cycnium tubulosum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cycnium tubulosum., retrieved 23 October 2016

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