Striga bilabiata (Thunb.) Kuntze

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Striga bilabiata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mawenje Lodge-Outward Bound, Chimanimani

Striga bilabiata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maonza, Vumba

Striga bilabiata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maonza, Vumba

Striga bilabiata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maonza, Vumba

Striga bilabiata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Striga bilabiata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Close to Inyangombe Falls

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Buchnera bilabiata Thunb.
Striga thunbergii Benth.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Erect, annual herb, 10-55 cm tall. It is a root parasite of grasses. Stems usually unbranched, pubescent with whitish hairs. Leaves opposite, erect along the stem, linear-lanceolate, 5-20 mm long, with rough, thick-based hairs. Flowers in dense terminal spikes, several flowers open at the same time. Bracts lanceolate, imbricate, ciliate hairy on margins and midrib. Calyx tube 2-3 mm long; lobes distinctly 5-veined. Corolla more or less distinctly 2-lipped, pink, violet or whitish; tube up to 11 mm long, angled just below the lobes; lower lobes c. 4 mm long, all narrow. Capsule c. 3 × 1.5 mm.
Derivation of specific name: bilabiata: 2-lipped.
Habitat: Grassland
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Feb and May - June.
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, and Mpumalanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Other varieties occur in East and West Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 September 2013

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 182. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 327. (Includes a picture).

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 128 - 129.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 105.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 226.


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Other sources of information about Striga bilabiata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Striga bilabiata
Flora of Caprivi: Striga bilabiata
Flora of Malawi: Striga bilabiata
Flora of Mozambique: Striga bilabiata
Flora of Zambia: Striga bilabiata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Striga bilabiata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Striga bilabiata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Striga bilabiata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Striga bilabiata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Striga bilabiata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Striga bilabiata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Striga bilabiata
Ispot Southern Africa : Striga bilabiata
JSTOR Plant Science: Striga bilabiata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Striga bilabiata
Tropicos: Striga bilabiata
West African Plants database: Striga bilabiata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Striga bilabiata., retrieved 24 October 2016

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