Fernandoa magnifica Seem.

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Synonyms: Heterophragma longipes Baker
Common names: Fernandoa (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Small, often multi-stemmed tree. Bark grey to pale brown, rough and fissured with distinct pale lenticels. Leaves opposite, imparipinnate with 4-7 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets lanceolate to oblong; margin entire or sometimes obscurely crenate-dentate. Flowers in many-flowered racemes with a stout rhachis, spectacular, bright orange-red with a yellow centre; corolla bell-shaped, up to 10 cm in diameter, shallowly lobed with 4 large stamens protruding. Fruit a long. slender capsule, 30-55 cm long, flattened, spirally twisted, pale brown, dehiscent.
Notes: The species known as F. magnifica in the account in FZ has subsequently been split into 2 species which occur in the FZ area. The species occurring in Zimbabwe remains F. magnifica, whereas plants from Malawi have been named F. abbreviata Bidgood. F. abbreviata is cultivated in the National Botanic Gardens in Harare and also in gardens in Harare. We have therefore included it as a cultivated plant.

The two species may be separated using the following key, adapted from Bidgood:

1. Flowers borne singly or in few-flowered inflorescences without a stout rhachis; anther-thecae 5-8 mm ... abbreviata

1. Flowers in many-flowered racemes with a stout rhachis; anther-thecae 9-12 mm ... magnifica
Derivation of specific name: magnifica: magnificent, beautiful
Habitat: On sandy soils in dry forest and woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species: Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 October 2006
Literature:

Bidgood, S (1994). Synopsis of the Continental African Species of Fernandoa (Bignoniaceae) Kew Bulletin 49(3) Pages 385 - 386. (Includes a picture).

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 81 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.


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Other sources of information about Fernandoa magnifica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Fernandoa magnifica
Flora of Mozambique: Fernandoa magnifica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Fernandoa magnifica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Fernandoa magnifica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Fernandoa magnifica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Fernandoa magnifica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Fernandoa magnifica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Fernandoa magnifica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Fernandoa magnifica
Ispot Southern Africa : Fernandoa magnifica
JSTOR Plant Science: Fernandoa magnifica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Fernandoa magnifica
Tropicos: Fernandoa magnifica
West African Plants database: Fernandoa magnifica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Fernandoa magnifica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152440, retrieved 29 August 2016

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