Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC. ex Meisn.
subsp. transvaalense Ihlenf. & H.E.K. Hartmann

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Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

Photo: Mark Hyde

Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Limpopo Valley 35 km north of Beitbridge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Devil's claw (English) Grapple plant (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Perennial herb with prostrate stems. Leaves pinnately lobed. Flowers purple with yellow inside throat. Fruit with 4 rows of curved arms bearing recurved spines; total diameter of fruit up to 15 cm.
Derivation of specific name: procumbens: with stems lying along the ground; procumbent; transvaalensis: from the Transvaal in South Africa
Habitat: In deep sand in open woodland
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1000 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, southern Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 13 February 2007

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 111 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 321. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.


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Other sources of information about Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Harpagophytum procumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Harpagophytum procumbens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Harpagophytum procumbens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Harpagophytum procumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Harpagophytum procumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harpagophytum procumbens
Ispot Southern Africa : Harpagophytum procumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Harpagophytum procumbens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Harpagophytum procumbens
Tropicos: Harpagophytum procumbens
West African Plants database: Harpagophytum procumbens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152480, retrieved 22 October 2016

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