Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (Decne.) Abels

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Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near railway line by road to Hwange NP, Main Camp

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near railway line by road to Hwange NP, Main Camp

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near railway line by road to Hwange NP, Main Camp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dicerocaryum zanguebarium sensu Stapf
Pretrea eriocarpa Decne.
Common names: Boot protectors (English) Devil thorn (English) Inkunzane (Ndebele) Intekelane (Ndebele) Stud thorn (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Prostrate perennial with annual creeping stems. Stems densely hairy. Leaves opposite, not lobed, very broadly ovate, up to 22 mm long; margin crenate-serrate. Flowers solitary, axillary, very pale to deep pink or mauve, usually with darker spots on the lower lip and in the throat. Fruit almost circular in outline c. 20 mm broad, densely covered in whitish hairs, with 2 erect spines on the raised upper surface. See the much more widespread D. senecioides for comparison.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: eriocarpum: with hairy fruits
Habitat: Occurring in grassland and on riverbanks, on sandy soil.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 5 February 2010
Literature:

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 180. (Includes a picture).

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 107 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 286. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 221.


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Other sources of information about Dicerocaryum eriocarpum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Flora of Caprivi: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Flora of Zambia: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Ispot Southern Africa : Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
JSTOR Plant Science: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
Tropicos: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum
West African Plants database: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dicerocaryum eriocarpum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152600, retrieved 27 July 2016

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