Hymenodictyon floribundum (Hochst. & Steud.) B. L. Rob.

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Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Rob Burrett
Domboshawa

Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Rob Burrett
Domboshawa

Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Quarry kopje, Cleveland Dam

Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyahokwe Hill, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Kurria floribunda Hochst. & Steud.
Common names: Chiwirowiro (Shona) Fire bush (English) Murovabani (Shona) Mururamabveni (Shona) Mutsvedzambira (Shona) Muwirowiro (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree to 6 m. Inflorescence long, 6 - 22 cm, with, at the base, a pair of characteristic long-petiolate, leaf-like elliptic-lanceolate bracts, 3.5 - 10 cm long. Stipules often 2-fid. Leaves: lamina 5 - 18 × 2 - 11.5 cm, elliptic to obovate; with venation drying finely reticulate beneath; glabrous above and beneath except for the domatia but, in some forms, hairy to even tomentose beneath; apex shortly acuminate; domatia present. Inflorescence a dense terminal spike. Corolla reddish-brown; tube 4-7 mm; lobes 0.8 mm. Capsule 1 - 1.5 cm long, brown with pale lenticels. Seeds 0.7 - 1 cm, winged.
Notes: It owes its common name Fire-bush to the bright red display of the "autumn" leaves.
Derivation of specific name: floribundum: with abundant flowers
Habitat: In rocky terrain, often as as a constituent of shallow vegetation "islands" overlying sheet rock. Occasionally along the margins of riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Sep to Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout tropical Africa from Guinea to Ethiopia and south to Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 September 2013
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 424 - 426. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 1036 - 1037. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 163.


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Flora of Malawi: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Flora of Zambia: Hymenodictyon floribundum

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenodictyon floribundum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenodictyon floribundum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenodictyon floribundum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hymenodictyon floribundum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenodictyon floribundum
Ispot Southern Africa : Hymenodictyon floribundum
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Tropicos: Hymenodictyon floribundum
West African Plants database: Hymenodictyon floribundum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenodictyon floribundum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155120, retrieved 29 May 2016

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