Coptosperma zygoon (Bridson) Degreef

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Coptosperma zygoon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

Coptosperma zygoon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

Coptosperma zygoon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

Coptosperma zygoon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hypobathrum graveolens (Hiern) Baill.
Tarenna zygoon Bridson
Zygoon graveolens Hiern
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous, often multi-stemmed, shrub, 0.5–3 m tall; lateral branches reduced to dwarf shoots called brachyblasts up to 1 cm long. Leaves along young stems linear-oblong, those clustered on brachyblasts narrowly to broadly elliptic, 1.4–4.2 cm long, papery, finely pubescent beneath, more densely on the veins, domatia present as small hairy tufts; petiole 2–5 mm long, stipules 2–3 mm long, triangular-acuminate. Inflorescences sessile on the brachyblasts in dense, 3–8-flowered clusters. Corolla creamy-white, hairy at throat; lobes narrowly oblong, 3–4 mm long, , obtuse. Style pubescent. Fruit globose, c. 5 mm in diameter, crowned by persistent calyx rim, black when dry.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mixed deciduous woodland, mopane woodland and Androstachys thickets, in sandy soil and often on seasonally dry river banks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 780 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 17 November 2015
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 610 - 612. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1047.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 100.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Zygoon graveolens

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 88.


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Other sources of information about Coptosperma zygoon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Coptosperma zygoon
Flora of Mozambique: Coptosperma zygoon
Flora of Zambia: Coptosperma zygoon

External websites:

African Plant Database: Coptosperma zygoon
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Coptosperma zygoon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coptosperma zygoon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Coptosperma zygoon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Coptosperma zygoon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Coptosperma zygoon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coptosperma zygoon
Ispot Southern Africa : Coptosperma zygoon
JSTOR Plant Science: Coptosperma zygoon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Coptosperma zygoon
Tropicos: Coptosperma zygoon
West African Plants database: Coptosperma zygoon


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coptosperma zygoon.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155270, retrieved 26 May 2016

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