Gardenia resiniflua Hiern
subsp. resiniflua

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Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Rob Burrett
South-West of Hwange Town

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Rob Burrett
South-West of Hwange Town

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Bart Wursten
By entrance at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along entrance road to Nhambo cottages, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Photo: Mark Hyde
Path to Sohwe Falls, Mavhuradonha

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Chigalamatongo (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Chigonondo (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Gummy gardenia (English) Mutara (Shona) Mutarara (Shona) Nsalala (Hlengwe) Umjalanatanga (Ndebele) Umvalasangwana (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, pale grey, somewhat peeling. Leaves in whorls of 3 on short, stiff side branchlets, obovate, 2-8 cm, sparsely roughly hairy above except when young, densely velvety below; apex shortly pointed; base running down the petiole. Flowers solitary in the upper leaf axils, white, c. 3 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. Fruit yellowish-brown, ovoid to almost round, c. 15 mm long, densely covered in short hairs, crowned with the persistent calyx lobes.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: resiniflua: with a flowing resin
Habitat: In various types of woodland and scrub, often along rivers.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 14 October 2015
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 667 - 668.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1054.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 611.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Gardenia resiniflua

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 88.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 103. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 624 - 626. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 114.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 366 - 367. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Caprivi: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Malawi: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Mozambique: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Zambia: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Gardenia resiniflua
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia resiniflua
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gardenia resiniflua
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gardenia resiniflua
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gardenia resiniflua
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia resiniflua
Ispot Southern Africa : Gardenia resiniflua
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia resiniflua
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gardenia resiniflua
Tropicos: Gardenia resiniflua
West African Plants database: Gardenia resiniflua


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155350, retrieved 31 July 2016

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