Rytigynia macrura Verdc.

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Rytigynia macrura

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Rytigynia macrura

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Rytigynia macrura

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Rytigynia sp.no.1 sensu R.B. Drumm.
Common names: Large-fruit coffee-medlar (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree with branches and branchlets typically spreading horizontally. Leaves opposite, held in a horizontal plane; elliptic to narrowly ovate with a distinct drip-tip. Both surfaces thinly covered in short hairs. Flowers solitary, pubescent, corolla lobes with long green "tails", which are already visible when still in bud. The style is distinctly exserted. Fruits yellowish to pale green, spherical when fresh, turning 2-lobed when dry.
Notes: It is listed at Lower Risk, near threatened but seems to be better protected and more common at higher altitudes than at lower levels.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1050 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Page 297.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1082.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 104.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. as Rytigynia sp. no. 1

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 176.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 92.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 169.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 496 - 498. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Rytigynia macrura:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rytigynia macrura
Flora of Mozambique: Rytigynia macrura
Flora of Zambia: Rytigynia macrura

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rytigynia macrura
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rytigynia macrura
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rytigynia macrura
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rytigynia macrura
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rytigynia macrura
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rytigynia macrura
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rytigynia macrura
Ispot Southern Africa : Rytigynia macrura
JSTOR Plant Science: Rytigynia macrura
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rytigynia macrura
Tropicos: Rytigynia macrura
West African Plants database: Rytigynia macrura


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rytigynia macrura.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155790, retrieved 31 May 2016

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