Anthospermum ammannioides S.Moore

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Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Bunga Views, Vumba

Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to John Meikle Research Station, Stapleford

Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Tessa's Pool, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Locally very common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub-like plant, usually single-stemmed, 1-3 m tall. Branches ascending to erect, densely covered with greyish hairs. Leaves in whorls of 3, narrowly (ob)lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, up to c. 6 cm long, more or less densely covered in whitish, short spreading hairs; margin entire, usually flat. Stipular sheath hairy with at least one hairy seta, 1-6.5 mm long. Flowers in dense clusters at the nodes, greenish-yellow, sometimes purple-tinged, unisexual; male and female flowers usually on different plants. Fruit with mericarps oblong to obovate, 1.5-2.5 mm long, hairless, reddish-brown.
Notes: It is a typical constituent of the ecotone between forest and grassland. It may become a dominating species in secondary montane grassland, together with the grass Eragrostis acraea and the bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum.
Though not listed in Endemic Plants Species of Zimbabwe (A. Mapaura in Kirkia 18-2, 2002), the restricted distribution of this species would justify this as a near-endemic.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Margins of forest, along streambanks and in bush clumps amongst rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique (including Mt Gorongosa).
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 September 2011
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Page 154.


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Other sources of information about Anthospermum ammannioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Anthospermum ammannioides

External websites:

African Plant Database: Anthospermum ammannioides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Anthospermum ammannioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anthospermum ammannioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Anthospermum ammannioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Anthospermum ammannioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Anthospermum ammannioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anthospermum ammannioides
Ispot Southern Africa : Anthospermum ammannioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Anthospermum ammannioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Anthospermum ammannioides
Tropicos: Anthospermum ammannioides
West African Plants database: Anthospermum ammannioides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Anthospermum ammannioides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156570, retrieved 25 June 2016

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