Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
subsp. scabra

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Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bryonia scabra L.f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate or climbing herb with annual stems, up to 6 m long. Leaves more or less broadly ovate in outline, usually unlobed but occasionally 3-5-lobed, deep green and with rough hairs above, paler below, cordate at the base; margin prominently toothed. Flowers small, unisexual on different plants; male flowers in axillary clusters; female flowers solitary or in few-flowered clusters, white. Fruit in clusters, spherical, 8-13 mm in diameter, hairless, bright red when ripe. See Z. scabra subsp. argyrea var. chirindensis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: scabra: rough, referring to the leaf surface.
Habitat: In forest and on forest margins, riverine fringes and exotic plantations.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa, South Africa, Arabia, India, Java and the Philippines.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 135. (Includes a picture).

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 478 - 479.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 74.


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Other sources of information about Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra
Flora of Mozambique: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra
Flora of Zambia: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zehneria scabra
African Plant Database: Zehneria scabra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Zehneria scabra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zehneria scabra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zehneria scabra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Zehneria scabra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Zehneria scabra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zehneria scabra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Zehneria scabra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zehneria scabra
Ispot Southern Africa: Zehneria scabra
JSTOR Plant Science: Zehneria scabra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Zehneria scabra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zehneria scabra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Zehneria scabra
Tropicos: Zehneria scabra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157030, retrieved 18 December 2017

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