Momordica charantia L.

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Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Momordica charantia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial climber with prostrate or scandent stems up to 5 m long. Tendrils simple. Leaves up to 10 × 12.5 cm, broadly ovate to almost circular in outline, deeply 3-7 lobed, cordate at the base; ultimate margin with sinuate or lobe-like teeth. Flowers unisexual on the same plant, solitary, pale to deep yellow; male flowers larger than female flowers. Fruit ovoid with a conspicuous beak, up to 10 × 4 cm, usually smaller, tuberculate and ridged, orange-red when ripe; dehiscent into 3 valves.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: in riverine fringes, along lake margins but also in old cultivation and disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical. Probably introduced in the Neotropics.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 12 November 2010
Literature:

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 422 - 423.


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Other sources of information about Momordica charantia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Momordica charantia
Flora of Mozambique: Momordica charantia
Flora of Zambia: Momordica charantia

External websites:

African Plant Database: Momordica charantia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Momordica charantia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Momordica charantia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Momordica charantia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Momordica charantia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Momordica charantia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Momordica charantia
Ispot Southern Africa : Momordica charantia
JSTOR Plant Science: Momordica charantia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Momordica charantia
Tropicos: Momordica charantia
West African Plants database: Momordica charantia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Momordica charantia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157190, retrieved 1 October 2016

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