Cucumis metuliferus Naudin

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Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African horned cucumber (English) Mugagachiga (Shona) Mugaka (Shona) Mugamgangam (Shona) Mugumudzambwa (Shona) Mushonja (Shona) Mutete (Shona) Siila (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Spiny cucumber (English) Umhlagahlaga (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Annual prostrate or climbing herb. Stems up to 5 m long, covered in bristly hairs. Leaves broadly ovate or subpentagonal in outline, more or less shallowly (3-)5-lobed, more or less densely bristly hairy, particularly on the veins below; margin with small sinuate teeth; petiole 2-11.5 cm long, covered in bristly hairs. Flowers unisexual, both sexes on the same plant, solitary or in 2-10-flowered clusters, yellow or pale orange, up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Fruits oblong-cylindric, up to 13 cm long, covered with stout fleshy spines, grey-green to orange yellow, often mottled, turning bright orange-red when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In semi-deciduous forest, woodland, wooded grassland and abandoned cultivation, often in riverine areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 20 January 2010
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 201 - 202. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 241. (Includes a picture).

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 463 - 464. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 38.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 53.


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Other sources of information about Cucumis metuliferus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Malawi: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Mozambique: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Zambia: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cucumis metuliferus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cucumis metuliferus
African Plant Database: Cucumis metuliferus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cucumis metuliferus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cucumis metuliferus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cucumis metuliferus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cucumis metuliferus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cucumis metuliferus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cucumis metuliferus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cucumis metuliferus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cucumis metuliferus
Ispot Southern Africa: Cucumis metuliferus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cucumis metuliferus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cucumis metuliferus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cucumis metuliferus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cucumis metuliferus
Tropicos: Cucumis metuliferus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cucumis metuliferus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157300, retrieved 30 March 2017

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