Cucumis metuliferus Naudin

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Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

Cucumis metuliferus

Photo: Doreen Bolnick
17, Croborough Road, Mount Pleasant, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African horned cucumber (English) Mugagachiga (Shona) Mugaka (Shona) Mugamgangam (Shona) Mugumudzambwa (Shona) Mushonja (Shona) Mutete (Shona) Siila (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Spiny cucumber (English) Umhlagahlaga (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Annual prostrate or climbing herb. Stems up to 5 m long, covered in bristly hairs. Leaves broadly ovate or subpentagonal in outline, more or less shallowly (3-)5-lobed, more or less densely bristly hairy, particularly on the veins below; margin with small sinuate teeth; petiole 2-11.5 cm long, covered in bristly hairs. Flowers unisexual, both sexes on the same plant, solitary or in 2-10-flowered clusters, yellow or pale orange, up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Fruits oblong-cylindric, up to 13 cm long, covered with stout fleshy spines, grey-green to orange yellow, often mottled, turning bright orange-red when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in semi-deciduous forest, woodland, wooded grassland and abandoned cultivation, often in riverine areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 175 - 1100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 20 January 2010
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 201 - 202. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 241. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 53.


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Other sources of information about Cucumis metuliferus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Mozambique: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Zambia: Cucumis metuliferus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cucumis metuliferus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cucumis metuliferus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cucumis metuliferus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cucumis metuliferus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cucumis metuliferus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cucumis metuliferus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cucumis metuliferus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cucumis metuliferus
Ispot Southern Africa : Cucumis metuliferus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cucumis metuliferus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cucumis metuliferus
Tropicos: Cucumis metuliferus
West African Plants database: Cucumis metuliferus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cucumis metuliferus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157300, retrieved 27 May 2016

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