Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn.

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Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Branched annual herb, up to 1.5 m tall. Stems hollow. Leaves lanceolate, narrowly ovate to elliptic, up to 12 × 5 cm, hairless; margin entire; petiole up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers in conical-cylindric spikes, up to 12 cm long. Corolla very small, white, greenish or pink yellow. Fruit a capsule, 4-5 mm in diameter, dehiscing below the calyx lobes, leaving the base attached to the rhachis.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: zeylanica: from Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
Habitat: In wet places near pools, pans, irrigation channels, swamps and floodplains
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Asia and (probably introduced) America
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106.

Thulin, M. (1983). Sphenocleaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Welman, W.G. (2000). Flora of Southern Africa contributions 16: Sphenocleaceae Bothalia 30(1) Pages 31 - 33. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Sphenoclea zeylanica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Malawi: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Mozambique: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Zambia: Sphenoclea zeylanica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sphenoclea zeylanica
African Plant Database: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sphenoclea zeylanica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sphenoclea zeylanica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphenoclea zeylanica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sphenoclea zeylanica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sphenoclea zeylanica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Ispot Southern Africa: Sphenoclea zeylanica
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sphenoclea zeylanica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Tropicos: Sphenoclea zeylanica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sphenoclea zeylanica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157700, retrieved 11 December 2017

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