Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn.

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Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moenge, Itimbiri River, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Branched annual herb, up to 1.5 m tall. Stems hollow. Leaves lanceolate, narrowly ovate to elliptic, up to 12 × 5 cm, hairless; margin entire; petiole up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers in conical-cylindric spikes, up to 12 cm long. Corolla very small, white, greenish or pink yellow. Fruit a capsule, 4-5 mm in diameter, dehiscing below the calyx lobes, leaving the base attached to the rhachis.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: zeylanica: from Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
Habitat: In wet places near pools, pans, irrigation channels, swamps and floodplains
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Asia and (probably introduced) America
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Welman, W.G. (2000). FSA contributions 16: Sphenocleaceae Bothalia 30(1) Pages 31 - 33. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Sphenoclea zeylanica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Zambia: Sphenoclea zeylanica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sphenoclea zeylanica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphenoclea zeylanica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sphenoclea zeylanica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Ispot Southern Africa : Sphenoclea zeylanica
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Tropicos: Sphenoclea zeylanica
West African Plants database: Sphenoclea zeylanica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sphenoclea zeylanica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157700, retrieved 20 December 2014

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