Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd.

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Vernonia anthelmintica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Sohwe Falls

Vernonia anthelmintica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Sohwe Falls

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Synonyms: Baccharoides anthelmintica (L.) Moench
Conyza anthelmintica L.
Dolosanthus sylvaticus Klatt
Vernonia stenolepis Oliv.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Annual herb 0.1-2 m tall with sparingly branched stems, leafy in the upper part. Leaves subsessile, more or less narrowly oblong-elliptic, up to 22 cm long, sparsely hairy above and on the veins beneath, glad-dotted especially beneath; margins serrate with sharply pointed teeth. Capitula 2-24 on the leafy branches. Involucres 12-20 mm long and up to 35 mm wide when mature, broadly campanulate to hemispheric. Phyllaries many-seriate, mostly with apical appendages. Corollas purple to mauve, 10-12 mm long. Achenes dark brown to black, 4-5.5 mm long, 10-ribbed, strigose hairy.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: anthelmintica: vermifuge, worm-expelling
Habitat: In riverine vegetation, miombo and mixed deciduous woodland and thickets, usually in shady situations on rocky hill slopes and on kalahari sand.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe,Botwana and Namibia. Also in Pakistan, India,Nepal and Sri Lanka.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 November 2015
Literature:

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 28. as Baccharoides anthelmintica

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 136 - 137.

Roodt, V. (2011). Wild flowers, Waterplants and Grasses of the Okavango Delta and Kalahari "Did You Know" nature series Struik Nature for Veronica Roodt Publications Page 90. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 31. as Baccharoides anthelmintica

Wild, H. (1978). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 8. Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1) Pages 115 - 116. as Vernonia stenolepis


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Other sources of information about Vernonia anthelmintica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Vernonia anthelmintica
Flora of Malawi: Vernonia anthelmintica
Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia anthelmintica
Flora of Zambia: Vernonia anthelmintica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Vernonia anthelmintica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vernonia anthelmintica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia anthelmintica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia anthelmintica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia anthelmintica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vernonia anthelmintica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia anthelmintica
Ispot Southern Africa : Vernonia anthelmintica
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia anthelmintica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia anthelmintica
Tropicos: Vernonia anthelmintica
West African Plants database: Vernonia anthelmintica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vernonia anthelmintica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=158130, retrieved 27 June 2016

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