Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.

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Tarchonanthus camphoratus

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
At the very end of Claremont Road, 30 kms SE of Bulawayo

Tarchonanthus camphoratus

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
At the very end of Claremont Road, 30 kms SE of Bulawayo

Tarchonanthus camphoratus

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
At the very end of Claremont Road, 30 kms SE of Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Camphor bush (English) Sage bush (English) Wild sage (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree up to c.8 m, smelling of camphor. Bark with shallow ± vertical and anastomosing ridges, these ± fibrous in appearance. Leaves: petiole 0-6 mm; lamina variable in size from c.2 × 0.5 to c.8.5(-12) × 3.5(-5) cm, narrowly oblong-elliptic, elliptic or oblanceolate to narrowly obovate; upper surface glabrescent with numerous golden glands, grey-green; lower surface white-tomentose with prominent nerves; base cuneate; apex subacute, obtuse or rounded; margin entire. Male capitula with 10-25 florets. Female capitula with 4-5 florets; achenes c.2.5-3(-4) mm, ± flattened-ellipsoid, densely covered in long, sericeous-woolly hairs.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In woodland, often on termite mounds, and in riverine vegetation.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1490 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, from Ethiopia south to South Africa, and in Saudi Arabia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 19 August 2013

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 278.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 9 - 11. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.


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Other sources of information about Tarchonanthus camphoratus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Flora of Zambia: Tarchonanthus camphoratus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tarchonanthus camphoratus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tarchonanthus camphoratus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Tarchonanthus camphoratus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Ispot Southern Africa : Tarchonanthus camphoratus
JSTOR Plant Science: Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Tropicos: Tarchonanthus camphoratus
West African Plants database: Tarchonanthus camphoratus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tarchonanthus camphoratus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=159080, retrieved 25 October 2016

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