Helichrysum africanum (S. Moore) Wild

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Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Rawdon Goodier
Nr summit of Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
SRGH

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
SRGH

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
SRGH

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
SRGH

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Calomeria africana (S. Moore) Heine
Humea africana S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Much-branched shrubby perennial, up to 1 m tall. Leaves sessile, oblong-ovate, up to 1.5 × 1 cm, 3-veined from the base, densely grey velvety on both surfaces. Capitula in terminal, many-headed corymbose cymes. Involucral bracts 5-seriate, ovate-oblong, 2.5 mm, pale yellow or rarely purplish. Florets bright yellow; flowerheads turning straw-coloured when older.
Notes: Although this species is still listed in most taxonomic databases under the genus name Calomeria, other sources list Calomeria as a monotypic genus from Australia with the single species C. amaranthoides Vent, a shrub-like plant that bears little or no resemblance to C. africana.
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa, an odd name for this particular species since it is a very narrow endemic and not widespread in Africa at all.
Habitat: Among quartzite rocks and in quartzite grasslands.
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 2300 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Chimanimani Mts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 12 September 2011
Literature:

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 154. as Humea africana

Wild, H. (1982). New species and new names of Helichrysum Mill. from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 12(2) Page 191.

Wild, H. (Undated, c. 1980?). A draft revision of Helichrysum Mill. for Flora Zambesiaca Unpublished ms. Pages 18 - 19.


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Other sources of information about Helichrysum africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Helichrysum africanum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Helichrysum africanum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Helichrysum africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Helichrysum africanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Helichrysum africanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Helichrysum africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Helichrysum africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Helichrysum africanum
Ispot Southern Africa : Helichrysum africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Helichrysum africanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Helichrysum africanum
Tropicos: Helichrysum africanum
West African Plants database: Helichrysum africanum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Helichrysum africanum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=159950, retrieved 25 September 2016

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