Xanthium strumarium L.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images

Xanthium strumarium

Photo: Helen Pickering
Cross the Sinde river going west on main road 100m walk left (climb over a fence) lot growing along the edge of the river up to the railway bridge.

Xanthium strumarium

Photo: Helen Pickering
Cross the Sinde river going west on main road 100m walk left (climb over a fence) lot growing along the edge of the river up to the railway bridge.

Xanthium strumarium

Photo: Helen Pickering
Cross the Sinde river going west on main road 100m walk left (climb over a fence) lot growing along the edge of the river up to the railway bridge.

Xanthium strumarium

Photo: Helen Pickering
Cross the Sinde river going west on main road 100m walk left (climb over a fence) lot growing along the edge of the river up to the railway bridge.

Xanthium strumarium

Photo: Helen Pickering
Cross the Sinde river going west on main road 100m walk left (climb over a fence) lot growing along the edge of the river up to the railway bridge.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Xanthium pungens Wallr.
Common names: Giant cocklebur (English)
Frequency:
Status: Probably introduced
Description:
Annual herb, to 1 m; branches without spines. Leaves petiolate, broadly deltate, concolorous; simple or 3-5-lobed; base usually cordate in outline but cuneate at the very base. Male capitula terminal on short axillary branchlets. Female capitulum with phyllaries connate around the 2 achenes. Fruit c. 2.3 cm bearing numerous spines with hooked tips.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In disturbed ground and by streams
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 42. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 39.


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Xanthium strumarium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Xanthium strumarium
Flora of Mozambique: Xanthium strumarium
Flora of Zambia: Xanthium strumarium

External websites:

African Plant Database: Xanthium strumarium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Xanthium strumarium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xanthium strumarium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xanthium strumarium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xanthium strumarium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Xanthium strumarium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xanthium strumarium
Ispot Southern Africa : Xanthium strumarium
JSTOR Plant Science: Xanthium strumarium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xanthium strumarium
Tropicos: Xanthium strumarium
West African Plants database: Xanthium strumarium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xanthium strumarium.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160310, retrieved 30 May 2016

Site software last modified: 15 January 2016 10:17am (GMT +2)
Terms of use