Xanthium spinosum L.

Images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record

Xanthium spinosum

Photo: Mark Hyde
SRGH

Xanthium spinosum

Photo: Mark Hyde
SRGH

Xanthium spinosum

Photo: Mark Hyde
SRGH

Xanthium spinosum

Photo: Mark Hyde
SRGH

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: altitude rainfall geology Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Spiny cocklebur (English)
Frequency:
Status: Probably introduced.
Description:
Annual herb, to 1 m; branches bearing 3-partite yellow spines. Leaves petiolate, narrowly ovate, discolorous; margin undulate, toothed or, commonly, 3-lobed; base cuneate. Male capitula spherical, terminal. Female capitulum with phyllaries connate around the 2 achenes. Fruit 1-1.2 cm bearing numerous spines with hooked tips.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: spinosum: spiny
Habitat: In disturbed places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread as a weed in both the Old and New Worlds.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Xanthium spinosum:

External websites:

African Plant Database: Xanthium spinosum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Xanthium spinosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xanthium spinosum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xanthium spinosum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xanthium spinosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Xanthium spinosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xanthium spinosum
Ispot Southern Africa : Xanthium spinosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Xanthium spinosum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xanthium spinosum
Tropicos: Xanthium spinosum
West African Plants database: Xanthium spinosum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xanthium spinosum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160320, retrieved 21 December 2014

Site software last modified: 24 January 2014 10:26pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use