Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq.

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Sclerocarpus africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near to the (closed) restaurant, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Sclerocarpus africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near to the (closed) restaurant, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb, 15-120 cm tall. Leaves opposite lower on the stem, alternate higher up, ovate, 3-12 cm long, with rough short hairs on both surfaces; margin scalloped or toothed; petiole up to 4 cm long. Capitula terminal. Involucre with c. 5 spreading leaf-like green bracts up to 3 cm long. Disk-florets greenish-yellow with a bulging bract around the ovary conspicuous in fruit. Ray-florets few or absent, yellow, spathulate.
Derivation of specific name: africanus: African
Habitat: Occurring in sandy soils in woodland and bush or along river banks and lake shores.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 28 November 2009

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 222. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 39. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.


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Other sources of information about Sclerocarpus africanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora of Mozambique: Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora of Zambia: Sclerocarpus africanus

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sclerocarpus africanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sclerocarpus africanus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sclerocarpus africanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sclerocarpus africanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sclerocarpus africanus
Ispot Southern Africa : Sclerocarpus africanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sclerocarpus africanus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sclerocarpus africanus
Tropicos: Sclerocarpus africanus
West African Plants database: Sclerocarpus africanus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sclerocarpus africanus., retrieved 1 July 2016

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