Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
subsp. madagascariensis (Baker) Wild

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Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa NP

Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa NP

Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa NP

Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa NP

Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zomba Community

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Melanthera madagascariensis Baker
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Scandent annual or perennial herb, up to 3 m. Stems and branches often 4-angular. Leaves on fairly long petioles, narrowly oblong-ovate, more or less lobed at the basal angles; margin irregularly crenate-dentate. Inflorescences terminal. Capitula terminal, singly or in groups, orange-yellow with ray-florets c. 17 mm. See subsp. subsimplicifolia for comparison
Notes: Although earlier records are known from Katombora (West 3038, 1949) and Kazungula (Gilges 700, 1957) on the Zambian side of the Zambezi, there appear to be no known Zimbabwean records except those from the Eastern Division.
Derivation of specific name: scandens: climbing or attempting to climb;
madagascariensis: of Madagascar
Habitat: In swamps and near rivers.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia South to Angola, Botswana, DRC, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Also in Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 218. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 36. as Melanthera madagascariensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 57.

Wild, H. (1965). The African species of the genus Melanthera Rohr Kirkia 5(1) Pages 5 - 8.


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Other sources of information about Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Malawi: Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Mozambique: Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Zambia: Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Melanthera scandens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melanthera scandens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Melanthera scandens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Melanthera scandens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Melanthera scandens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melanthera scandens
Ispot Southern Africa : Melanthera scandens
JSTOR Plant Science: Melanthera scandens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Melanthera scandens
Tropicos: Melanthera scandens
West African Plants database: Melanthera scandens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Melanthera scandens subsp. madagascariensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160520, retrieved 26 May 2016

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