Tridax procumbens L.

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Tridax procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chithora River, rd to Tsetsera

Tridax procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Tridax procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Annual or sometimes perennial, prostrate to ascending herb to c.50 cm. Leaves: petiole up to c.2 cm; lamina ovate, strigose-pubescent on both sides; margin coarsely and often deeply dentate. Peduncles long, 5-25 cm, bare. Capitula 1-1.5 cm in diameter. Rays c.4 mm, pale yellow. Receptacular scales c.6 mm, linear. Achenes c.2 mm, narrowly obovoid. Pappus c.3 mm, of c.20 alternately long and short plumose setae.
Notes: Often considered a lowly and humble plant and despised as a weed but there is no flower, indigenous or cultivated, that can rival its popularity in attracting butterflies. If you want butterflies in your garden, treasure it.
Derivation of specific name: procumbens: with stems lying along the ground; procumbent
Habitat: A weed of disturbed ground, often on roadsides and in waste places; also in naturally disturbed areas such as sandy stream beds.
Altitude range: (metres) 350 - 1570 m
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Native of Mexico, but now a pantropical weed.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 4 February 2008

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 211. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 69. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 41. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.


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Other sources of information about Tridax procumbens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tridax procumbens
Flora of Malawi: Tridax procumbens
Flora of Mozambique: Tridax procumbens
Flora of Zambia: Tridax procumbens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Tridax procumbens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tridax procumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridax procumbens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tridax procumbens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tridax procumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Tridax procumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridax procumbens
Ispot Southern Africa : Tridax procumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridax procumbens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tridax procumbens
Tropicos: Tridax procumbens
West African Plants database: Tridax procumbens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tridax procumbens., retrieved 28 June 2016

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