Crassocephalum rubens (Jacq.) S. Moore
var. rubens

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (5)

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd nr Westaway

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd nr Westaway

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gynura cernua Benth.
Gynura rubens (Jacq.) Muschl.
Senecio cernuus L. f.
Senecio rubens Jacq.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Erect herb, 30-70 cm. Leaves up to 11 × 4 cm, but often smaller, varying from simple, ovate, elliptic or obovate to (more commonly) lyrate-pinnatifid, sometimes auriculate; margin irregularly serrate or dentate. Capitula 10-12 × 5-8 mm, 1.5-2 times as long as broad, purple, blue, magenta, usually solitary; inner phyllaries 9-11 × 1 mm. Ovaries and achenes hairy.
Notes: This variety is not easy to separate unambiguously from var. sarcobasis but the capitula are generally larger (involucral bracts c. 15 mm long).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry places, sand veld, woodland, on kopjes and also in vleis and by streams.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: West Africa from Liberia to Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia and southwards to South Africa; Madagascar, Comoro and Mascarane Islands.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 16 January 2007

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 89.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 52.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 65. as Crassocephalum rubens (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens
Flora of Malawi: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens
Flora of Mozambique: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens
Flora of Zambia: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crassocephalum rubens
African Plant Database: Crassocephalum rubens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crassocephalum rubens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crassocephalum rubens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crassocephalum rubens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crassocephalum rubens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crassocephalum rubens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crassocephalum rubens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crassocephalum rubens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crassocephalum rubens
Ispot Southern Africa: Crassocephalum rubens
JSTOR Plant Science: Crassocephalum rubens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crassocephalum rubens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crassocephalum rubens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crassocephalum rubens
Tropicos: Crassocephalum rubens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens., retrieved 27 March 2017

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