Chrysanthemoides monilifera (L.) Norl.
subsp. septentrionale Norl.

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Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Juliasdale-Nyanga rd near National Park boundary.

Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mkwari Estate, on scenic drive around Lake Kyle

Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mkwari Estate, on scenic drive around Lake Kyle

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Osteospermum moniliferum sensu Engl.
Common names: Bush-tick berry (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a much-branched shrub, rarely a small tree. Young leaves and branches densely covered in woolly, cobweb-like hairs, becoming more or less hairless when older. Leaves spirally arranged, broadly oblanceolate to obovate, 1.5-7.5 cm long, leathery, tapering at the base into a winged petiole 5-10 mm long; margin toothed. Capitula several together or solitary, terminal and axillary, bright yellow, up to 4 cm in diameter. Ray-florets 7-10 with 3 apical teeth on the ligule. Involucral bracts 2-4 seriate.
Notes: The species is unusual within Asteraceae in that it produces a ring of berry-like fruits (image 2).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On rocky hillsides, woodland, (sub)montane grassland and along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 2400 m
Flowering time:May - Oct
Worldwide distribution: (this subspecies)Southern Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo (Soutpansberg) South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 26 January 2013
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 176 - 177. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 1148 - 1149. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 30.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 278. As Chrysanthemoides monilifera septentrionalis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 24.

Norlindh, T. (1978). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 10. Calenduleae. Kirkia 11(1) Pages 158 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 51.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 134 - 135. as Chrysanthemoides monilifera (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 201 - 202. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale
Flora of Mozambique: Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale

External websites:

African Plant Database: Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Chrysanthemoides monilifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysanthemoides monilifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Chrysanthemoides monilifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Ispot Southern Africa : Chrysanthemoides monilifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Tropicos: Chrysanthemoides monilifera
West African Plants database: Chrysanthemoides monilifera


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. septentrionale.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=161690, retrieved 29 May 2016

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